More Information About The Different Kinds Of Criminal Offences

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Even though there are various types of crimes, criminal acts can typically be divided into five main categories:

  • Property crimes
  • Personal crimes
  • Inchoate crimes
  • Statutory crimes
  • Financial crimes
  • Property Crimes

Property crimes generally entail an interference with another’s property. Even though it doesn’t involve mental or physical harm, they principally lead to deprivation of the utilization of a property. Various property crimes involve theft crimes, for instance:

  • Larceny
  • Burglary
  • Auto theft
  • Shoplifting
  • Personal Crimes

Personal crimes are those that involves mental or physical harm to another individual. They are divided into two primary categories, namely types of homicide and other violent offences. When physical harm inflicted to another person is to such and extent that it causes death, the defendant can be charged with any of the following types of homicide:

  • First-degree murder
  • Vehicular homicide
  • Voluntary Manslaughter

Conversely violent crimes that are also considered as severe, include:

  • Battery and assault
  • Domestic abuse
  • Kidnapping
  • Child abuse
  • Arson
  • Statutory rape and rape

Inchoate Crimes

These crimes refer to offences that were instigated but not completed, as well as acts that assisted in the commissioning of another crime. Inchoate crimes are more than just an individual taking a substantial step towards the conclusion of the crime to be found guilty. Such crimes include aiding and abetting, conspiracy and attempt. In certain cases, inchoate crimes are punishable to the same extent that the underlying offence would be punished, while in other instances, the punishment can be less substantial. 

Statutory Crimes

Statutory crimes involve those crimes, as well as the crimes mentioned above that are proscribed by statute. Three substantial kinds of statutory crimes are:

  • Alcohol-related crimes
  • Traffic offences
  • Drug-related crimes
  • White collar / financial crimes

Such crimes are specifically forbidden by statute due to society hopes to prevent individuals from engaging with them. Alcohol-related crimes involve various types of offenses with regards to how and where the alcohol is consumed, for instance: 

  • DUI/OWI/DWI (Driving under the influence)
  • Minor in possession of alcohol
  • Open container violations
  • Boating driving under the influence
  • Underage driving under the influence
  • Public intoxication
  • Refusing to undergo a field sobriety test
  • Refusing to provide a blood sample or perform a breathalyser
  • Supplying and selling alcohol to minors

Drug crimes involve the generating and distribution of narcotics, including, drug manufacturing, drug possession, as well as drug trafficking. Traffic offenses are crimes that may happen when a person is driving on public roadways. Because DUI entail both alcohol consumption and driving a vehicle, it is viewed as both a traffic offense and alcohol-related crime. Other traffic offenses involve:

  • Driving on a revoked or suspended license
  • Driving without a license
  • Hit-and-run accidents
  • Vehicular assault
  • Reckless driving

When a traffic crime results in death, it can result in charging of a far more severe offense, for instance, a form of homicide. 

Financial And Other Offences

Financial crimes often entail fraud or deception for financial profit. Even though white-collar crimes get their term from corporate officers that historically perpetrated them, these crimes can be committed by anyone in the industry. Such crimes involve various types of fraud, embezzlement, blackmail, tax evasion, money laundering and cybercrime. 

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